PART ONE: READING (15pts)
Read the text carefully and then do the activities.
Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist, although most people probably know him as the most intelligent person who ever lived. His name has become part of many languages when we want to say someone is a genius, as in the phrase, “She’s a real Einstein”. He must have been pretty brainy to discover the Theory of Relativity and the equation E=mc2.
In 1999, ‘Time’ magazine named Einstein as the Person of the Century. No one could have guessed this would happen when he was at school. He was extremely interested in science but hated the system of learning by heart. He said it destroyed learning and creativity. He had already done many experiments, but failed the entrance exams to a technical college.
He didn’t let this setback stop him. When he was 16, he performed his famous experiment of imagining traveling alongside a beam of light. He eventually graduated from university, in 1900, with a degree in physics. Twelve years later he was a university professor and in 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for Physics. He went on to publish over 300 scientific papers.
Einstein is the only scientist to become a cult figure, a household name, and part of everyday culture.
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A. COMPREHENSION (8 pts)
1. Choose the best answer
a. Albert Einstein was:
a) an inventor b) a physicist
b. Physics is the study of:
a) matter and energy such as heat, light and sound
b) earth’s surface, climate and population
c. According to Einstein learning by heart destroyed:
a) creativity b) the Nobel Prize
d. “A real Einstein” means:
a) a professor of physics b) a genius
2. Are the following statements true or false?
a. Albert Einstein was an excellent student at school.
b. He performed his famous theory at the age of 16.
c. He became a university professor in 1912.
d. He was named the person of the century in 1900.
3. Answer the following questions according to the text.
a. When did he graduate from university?
b. What was his most important theory?
c. For which subject was he awarded the “Nobel Prize”?
d. How many papers did he publish?
1. What do the underlined words refer to in the text?
a. Who: (§1) b. it: (§2)
B. Text Exploration (7pts)
1. Match the words with their synonyms.
2. Find in the text words opposite in meaning to
a. Stupid (§1)# b. succeeded (§2)#
3. Complete with “who” or “whom”
a. The scientist ……………..formulated the theory of relativity in
1905 was awarded the “Nobel Prize” in 1921. …………………...was
he? Albert Einstein.
b. Louis Pasteur …………………….a lot of people were grateful to,
discovered the vaccine against rabies.
4. Join the following sentences with:
though, although, or however
a. Thomas Edison’s inventions were great. He remained a modest man all
b. Einstein’s discovery revolutionized science. It led to the making of the
5.Fill in the blanks with the following words:
sense, small, years, invented, away, allow, better, means
Through the …………..man has ………………many instruments to help
him see………..and understand more. The telescope, for example was
invented to…………..him to look at far……………planets, to see the
very………things in the world. Radio, telephone and telegraph
are………….by which man has extended the range of his ………….of
hearing and speech.
PART TWO: Written Expression(5pts)
Choose one topic only
Write a paragraph about an invention. What is it? Who invented it? When was it invented? What is it used for?
Topic two: Write the biography of “Marie Curie”
Nationality Polish-date of birth 1867-place of birth Warsaw-First
work governess- saved money and studied at the Sorbonne (famous
French University) She became a research scientist –
Pierre Curie in 1895- they discovered radium-Won the Nobel Prize
for physics in 1903 and 1911-Date of death 1934.