ELTAlgeri@Exams 2011

Rise in Global Food Prices

 

 

Part One: Reading:                                                                                                                                                   (15pts) A/ Comprehension & Interpretation:                                                                                                                 (08pts) Read the following text carefully then do the tasks.

The United  Nations Food  and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has  called a special  meeting to discuss  the recent rise in global food prices. The food agency is reacting to the recent announcement made by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to extend his country's ban* on wheat* exports. Dry weather caused by a prolonged heat wave have destroyed a lot of Russia’s wheat production and the Russian government is focusing on feeding its own people. Putin’s extension raises fears that the price of food around the world would rise. Mr Putin did not indicate when he would lift the ban. He said it would not be before next year's harvest.

The U.N. fears rising prices will bring about food riots in many countries, similar to those that took place in 2008. There has already been unrest in Mozambique, where police opened fire and killed seven people demonstrating over a 30% increase in bread prices. Rises will affect people living in developing countries, where most of a person’s salary can go on food. FAO economist Abdolreza Abbassian told the BBC: "Food prices, and wheat in particular, are so important for food security and even the political stability of countries. Even a small increase in the price of food, which is so important to them, can spark a problem." Economists say food prices are expected to rush by at least 10% in most countries.

                                                                                                                                                                              Breaking News English, September 5th, 2010.

*ban: interdict / forbid.

*wheat: the grains of any cereal grass generally ground to make bread flour.

 

1/ Is the text a(n):

                      a– poem?                                  b– interview?                                   c– article?

2/  Are the following statements true or false?     

    A- FAO thinks that prices of food will decrease in the future.   

    B- The United Nations will meet to talk about food prices in Russia.

    C- The UN is worried food price increases would create problems.

    D– High food prices will be harsh for poor nations according to the UN.

 

 3/ Answer the following questions according to the text.

a)  What does FAO represent?

b)  Why did Russia stop exporting wheat?

c)  Will the change in food prices affect all countries? Why (not)?

4/ Complete the table below with information from the text.

Person’s name:

Country / Organization:

Problem:

1/…………………

2/…………………

……….…………………………

…………………………….......

……………………

…..................

 

 5/ Choose a suitable title to the text.

I-    UN Calls for Food Prices Meeting

II-   Food Prices in Russia

III-  FAO and the World Economic Crisis

 

 

B/ Text Exploration:                                                                                                                                      (07pts)

1/ Match these words with their opposites.

 

Word:

Opposite:

  1. rise
  2. many
  3. similar
  4. increase
  5. ban
  1. permit
  2. decrease
  3. fall
  4. few
  5. different

 

2/ Complete the chart below as shown in the example.

 

Verb

Noun:

discuss

............................

demonstrate

............................

............................

discussion

organization

............................

meeting

development

 

3/ Put the verbs in brackets in the right form

A) Russia (not be able to export) wheat before the next  summer harvest.

B)  In 2008, Mozambican demonstrators could not (accept) the 30% rise in bread prices.

C) Developing countries can (not resist) the present rise in food prices according to FAO economists.

D) Developed countries (be able to solve) food problems in many poor countries.

 

4/ Fill in the gaps of the passage below with one of these abbreviations / acronyms.

                     WFP      -      FAO     -      UNDP      -     UNICEF      -     WFC     -     UN

           FAO is a specialized agency of the …1…. FAO was set up in 1945. It has headquarters in Rome. …2…. works to improve the production, distribution and use of food and other agricultural products. It works to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of all people especially the poor. Most member countries of the  …3….. belong to …4…. The FAO and the UN co-sponsor the World Food Program (…5….) which uses food surplus and cash from donor nations to provide emergency food and other assistance to developing countries. FAO’s  World Food Council  or …6…. was set up in 1974. This council works with UN Development Program (……7….) and ……8…..

 

5/ Classify the following words in the table below

nation    –   wheat    –    cause  –    world    –    bring   –    special         rise     –     prolong

                                                                                                                                  

/ʃ/

/z/

/w/

/ŋ /

 

 

 

 

 

Part Two: Writing:                                                                                                                                                  (05pts)

Choose one of the following topics.

Topic 1: You are the journalist who interviewed Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Complete your interview with him.

Journalist: .........................................................................................?

Mr V. Putin: My country decided to stop exporting wheat.

Journalist: But what made you take this decision?

Mr V. Putin: ......................................................................................

Journalist: .........................................................................................?

Mr V. Putin: We cannot do that before the next harvest.

Journalist: .........................................................................................?

Mr V. Putin: ......................................................................................

Topic 2: Write a letter to an international food economist. Ask him/her three questions about food prices. Give him/her three ways (solutions) to help solve this problem of high food prices.

 

                                                                                 C.Boukhiar

                                                                        Technicum Gdyel, Oran

                                                                               December 2010

                                     EARTH DAY

Water, Air and Soil Contamination

 

PART ONE: READING                                                       (15 PTS)                                                                                 

A.    READING COMPREHENSION (8pts)

 

Pollution is an environmental concern for people throughout the world. Pollutants in water, air, and soil cause up to 40 percent of the premature deaths in the world's population. The majority of these deaths occur in developing countries.

Water in many third world countries is contaminated with toxic chemicals, also known as toxins. In many regions the water that is used for drinking, cooking, and washing is the same water that is used for dumping sewage and hazardous waste. Most developing countries cannot afford water treatment facilities. Approximately 80% of infectious diseases in the world are caused by contaminated water.

Air pollution is a growing problem throughout the world. Indoor air pollution is one of the leading causes of lung cancer. Families in developing countries use open stoves for cooking and heating their homes. These homes do not have proper ventilation. The smoke, which is full of chemicals and carcinogens, gets trapped inside where families eat and sleep. Outdoor pollution also causes disease and illness, especially in industrial cities such as Beijing, China, where cancer is the leading cause of death. Outdoor air pollution is also a concern in many wealthy countries. Those who live and work in urban centres such as Los Angeles or Toronto experience many warm days beneath a layer of smog.

Soil pollution is also a major concern, both in industrial and developing countries. Pollutants such as metals and pesticides seep into the earth's soil and contaminate the food supply. Soil pollution causes major health risks to entire ecosystems. This type of pollution reduces the amount of land suitable for agricultural production and contributes to global food shortages.

1.       Are the following statements true or false?

a.       Pollution is an environmental concern for developing countries only.

b.      Nearly half percent of the premature deaths in the world are due to pollutants.

c.       People fall ill and die because water treatments facilities are too expensive.

d.      Cancer is not a leading cause of death in China.

e.      Rich countries are not concerned with the problem of pollution.

f.        Soil pollution endangers the entire ecosystems.

 

2.       Answer the following questions according to the text.

a.       Where do most premature deaths occur?

b.      Why is water contaminated in the third world countries?

c.       What do indoor and outdoor pollution cause?

d.      Which effect has soil pollution on agriculture?

3.       What do the underlined words refer to in the text?

a.       Which (§3)                                               b. where (§3)

 

4.       In which paragraph is it mentioned that….

a.       China is the most polluted country?

b.      rich countries are also affected by pollution?

 

B.    TEXT EXPLORATION ( 7pts)

1.       Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following.

a.       Poor (§3)                                          b.   rural (§3)

 

2.       Match the following words with their definitions.

words

definitions

pollution

carcinogen

pesticides

industrial

substance causing one or more types of cancer.

chemicals sprayed on crops.

contamination of the environment.

related to the advancement of the economy

 

1.Which adjectives can be derived from the following words?                                                            

 industry ,  pollute , harm , danger.

 

2.       Choose the right quantifier to complete the sentences.

a.       The air is polluted because there are …………………………..cars.

·        *  Too many                 *     too few                    *    too much

·         (80 %)……… of infectious diseases in the world are caused by contaminated water

·        * All                              *    most                           *   none

3.       Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

a.       What (happen) if man (continue) polluting the planet Earth?

b.      If we (not reduce) carbon dioxide emissions, most of us (die).

 

4.         Join the following pairs of sentences using connectors of “cause” or “ effect”

a.       Water, air and soil are polluted. There are 40% of premature deaths in the world.

b.      Farmers in poor countries grow crops in contaminated soil. They want to avoid starvation.

 

5.       Underline the silent letter in the following words.

                       pneumonia,  island , vehicle , condemn

 

 

PART TWO: WRITTEN EXPRESSION (5pts)

             Choose one of the following topics    

 Either topic One: 

How can we protect our environment? Use the following notes to write a  short paragraph .

  • Put filters on factory chimneys
  • recycle our rubbish
  • use environmentally friendly aerosols
  • use less cars
  • plant more trees

 

 Or Topic Two

 You are invited to attend the World Health Organization Summit, prepare bout the effect of polluted water on our health.

                                                                                           Mrs. A.Akmoun

Alkhawarismi High School

March 2010


                                   The Solar Taxi

PART ONE :READING                                                                                   (15 pts)      
 

A)    Comprehension                                                                (08pts)

United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon showed the world the future of green transport on September 12 when he used a solar-powered taxi to get to work. The Solar taxi is the invention of Swiss engineer Louis Palmer.       

Mr. Ban hoped his zero-emission commute would promote the use of alternative energy sources in our day-to-day life. He was very excited and positive about his carbon-neutral journey to work, saying: "I hope that this Solar taxi, one of the alternative sources of energy, can give some good messages to the people around the world that we need to be creative; we need to be practical; we need to really address these energy issues and also address the climate change issues." The Secretary General added: "This is a fantastic experience. I hope I can enjoy another ride."

The Solar taxi is currently on a worldwide tour to highlight the need for more environmentally-friendly technologies. The tour’s climax will be in December, when the energy-saving vehicle arrives in Poland. The Polish city is hosting a conference on climate change. This gathering is part of preparations for a bigger meeting in Copenhagen in this year, which will attempt to replace the Kyoto Protocol.

Mr. Palmer was very enthusiastic about Mr. Ban’s trip in his solar taxi. He said his taxi showed that there are solutions to reversing the damage humankind is doing to the planet. He congratulated the UN for its efforts: "As climate change doesn't stop at borders, it's a global problem and the UN is playing a central role in the fight to stop global warming," he said.

 

1/ Are the following statements true or false?

 a)       The inventor of the Solartaxi comes from Switzerland.

b)       The UN Secretary General never wants to take the Solartaxi again.

c)       The Solartaxi is on a tour of the world to highlight green technologies.

d)     The Solartaxi inventor was upset with the UN for not doing more.

 

2/ In which paragraph is it mentioned that

 a)      The solar taxi is a new means of transport.

b)      The solar taxi will solve the problems that our planet is facing.

 

3/ Answer the following questions.

 a)      What is the aim of using a solar taxi?

b)      Why did Mr.Ban Ki-Moon say “….we need to be creative…..”?

c)      What kind of damage is humankind doing to the planet?

 

4/ Choose a suitable title to the Text:

a)      Louis Palmer

b)      Solar taxi a New Invention.

c)      UN Boss arrives at Work in Solar Taxi.

 

B)     Text Exploration                                                                (07pts)

 1/ Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following.

 a)      Eager (§2)      b) trip (§2)      c) try (§3)       d) essential (§4)

 

2/ Find in the text words opposite  in meaning to the following.

b)      Death (§2)      b) negative (§2)      c) smaller (§3)   d) continue (§4)

 

3/ Give the past participle of the following verbs.

 a)      Show              b) say              c) give             d) meet.

 

4/ Complete sentence B so that it means the same as sentence A

a) (A) Swiss engineer Louis Palmer invented the Solar Taxi.

    (B) The Solar Taxi………………………………………………

b) (A) Mr. Ban hoped his zero-emission commute would promote the use of alternative  energy sources in our day-to-day life.

(B) Mr. Ban hoped he use of alternative energy sources…………………………………………………………………………….

c) (A) UN chief Ban Ki-moon showed the world the future of green transport.

(B) The future of green transport…………………………………………to the world.

 

5/ Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final –ed

Used – excited – replaced – showed

/d/

/t/

/id/

 

 

 

 

6/ Reorder the following sentences to make a coherent paragraph.

a)      One of the reasons of this

b)      is around 35,000 times the total energy used by man.

c)      in furnaces for homes and to heat up swimming pools.

d)     is that the total energy we recieve each year from the sun

e)      Solar energy is presently being used on a smaller scale

f)       Solar energy is one the most resourceful sources of energy for the future.

Part Two: Written Expression                                                       (05pts)

Choose one of the following topics.

Topic 1:

Write a letter to the inventor of the Solar taxi Louis Palmer. Ask him three questions about his new invention. Make three suggestions on what he should invent next.

Topic 2:

Write an interview with the inventor of a new solar-powered invention.

                                                                        Miss K.Mezough

                                                            Brothers Meftahi High School

                                                                              2008-2009

The Rainforest Foundation

Part One: Reading                                                 ( / 15pts)

 

A.    Comprehension:                                                         ( / 7pts)

Read the text carefully then do the tasks.

 

The rock star Sting has joined environmentalists and indigenous people in order to fight against Brazil’s project to build a huge dam in the Amazon. The hydroelectric Belo Monte dam will be the third largest in the world. It will supply 11 per cent of Brazil’s electricity but degrade 500 square kilometers of rainforest. The area is home to 150 different indigenous groups and many rare species of animal, bird and plant life. Sting, the British singer, contributed to the Rainforest Foundation Fund* to help save the rainforests and protect the rights of indigenous peoples living there.

The Belo Monte dam will cost over $10 billion to build. It will devastate a large area of the northern Brazilian state of Para. Environmentalists are protesting against the project saying it will destroy the lives of thousands of indigenous people. They say it will also accelerate the destruction of the Amazon rainforest. Anti-dam campaigner Antonia Melo told reporters: "This project only benefits companies. It will generate methane gas that will change the climate and displace 30,000 people". Energy expert Adriano Pires said the dam was necessary to help Brazil’s increasing energy demands.

                                                                                                          www.BerakingNewsEnglish.com, 4th Jan, 2010

*Rainforest Foundation Fund = An association to raise funds in order to protect Amazon rainforest.

 

 

1-     What type of text is the reading passage? Circle the right answer.

                                

a.      a speech                                            b.  an article                           c.  an interview

 

2-     Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.

                                                   

I)    Sting and other environmentalists are … against the plan of the Amazon Dam.

a)      supporting                           b)  encouraging                                       c)  fighting

II)   The aim behind the Amazon dam project is to supply Brazil with …

a)      water resources                  b)  electric energy                             c)  solar energy

III)    The Belo Monte dam requires a sum of money …

a)      more than $10 billion        b)  less than $10 billion          c)  equal to $10 billion

 

3-     Answer the following questions according to the text.                                       

a)      What project does Brazil intend to make in the Amazon?

b)     Do all people agree on this project? If not, who are they?

 

4-     Read 2§ and fill in the table below. An example from 1§ is given.

                           

Advantages of Amazon dam

Drawbacks of Amazon dam

  -          Supply 11% of Brazil’s electricity

 -          ……………………………………...

 -          ……………………………………...

   -          Degrade 500km² of rainforest

   -          ………………………………….

  -          ………………………………….

5-     Choose the general idea of the text.           

a)      Brazilian government protects Amazon rainforest.

b)     Sting performs a concert in Brazil.

c)      Sting fights against Brazilian dam.

 

A.  Text Exploration                                                                               ( 8pts)


1-     Find in the text words whose definitions follow.                                                    

a.      Using water power to produce electricity. (1§)

b.      Tropical forest with tall trees that are very close together growing in an area

         where it rains a lot. (1 & 2 §)

c.       To damage a place very badly. (2§)

2-     Which nouns can we derive from the following verbs.

 

Verb

Noun

 -          To degrade

 -          To protect

 -          To destroy

 -          ………………

 -          ………………

 -          ………………

3-     Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

                                                      

a-      Brazilian people must (to contribute) … to the anti-dam campaign.

b-     If nothing is done, the Amazon forest may (to be devastate) … soon.

4-     Rewrite sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a).

                                  

(a)   The Belo Monte dam will supply 11 percent of Brazil’s electricity.

(b)   11% of Brazil’s electricity ……………………………………………...

(a)   The climate is changed by methane gas.

(b)   Methane gas ………………………………

5-     Classify the following words according to their final ‘ed’pronunciation.

                

                                 saved – protected – helped – joined 

/t /  

  /d /

/Id /

 

 

 

6-  Complete the passage with words from the list so that it makes sense.

                                     was – at – recyclable - ports

Brazilians are furious over 1,400 tonnes of British garbage arriving … its ports. The rotting cargo arrived in 64 different containers at three Brazilian … earlier this year. It … destined for Brazilian waste recycling companies. The recyclers were angry over the contents as they were expecting only … plastic.

 

Part Two: Writing                                                                                                  ( /5pts)

 Choose one of the following topics:

Topic I:

 You are one of the environmentalists who joined the anti-Amazon-dam campaign in Brazil. You delivered a speech in order to convince people to join the campaign. Write the speech using the following notes.

-          Amazon rainforest / heart / American continent / the world.

-          Should /preserve / Amazon ecosystem.

-          Protect animals / plants / indigenous people.

-          Must /stop / degradation / deforestation.

Make projects /build dams / away / Amazon territory.

 

Topic II:

You are a journalist in Breaking News magazine. You have interviewed the British singer, Sting, in order to know about his contribution in the fight against Amazon dam project. Write the interview. 

Global Warming

Part One: Reading ( / 14pts)

 

A.    Comprehension:                                                       ( / 7pts)

Read the text carefully then do the tasks.

 

Engineers at a U.S. laboratory may have discovered one answer to the problem of global warming. They have made a machine that can suck carbon dioxide from the air and convert it into liquid fuel. Researchers at the Sandia National Labs believe their creation can provide a sustainable form of renewable energy. Their device sounds like something from science fiction. In fact, the name of it is probably the most difficult thing to understand. It is the Counter-Rotating-Ring Receiver Reactor Recuperator, or CR5 for short. Lead developer Rich Diver is excited about his project. He said sucking CO2 from the environment could be an alternative to carbon sequestration. This is a method of burying CO2 deep underground.

Sandia calls the process carried out by CR5 “Sunshine to Petrol”. The researchers say their invention is still 15 to 20 years away from being in full operation. It is currently just a prototype – a small model of the real thing. A Sandia spokeswoman said it “holds a real promise of being able to reduce carbon dioxide emissions”. She added it would allow us “to keep using fuels we know and love”. It is possible that by 2030, cars and airplanes will run on the converted fuel. It will produce fuels such as methanol and gasoline. It will be interesting to see if this machine can actually lower our carbon footprint. Yes, it reduces carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but its liquid fuel product causes pollution when it burns.

                    Adapted from www.BreakingNewsEnglish.com, 30th Nov, 2009

 

1. Choose the answer that best completes each sentence.   

I)     The text is about ...

a)      the causes of global warming.  

b)     types of pollution.  

c)      an invention that sucks CO2 from the air.

II)       The invention is made by a group of … researchers.

a)      American                        b)  British                                   c)  Japanese

III)    … is the name given to the machine.

a)      CO2                                 b)  CR5                                       c)  Sandia National

IV)             CR5 … carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

a)      releases                          b)  increases                               c) decreases

2- Answer the following questions according to the text.

a)      How did US engineers find a solution to the problem of global warning?

b)     What does CR5 stand for?

c)    What are the advantages of this invention according to the Sandia

       spokeswoman? Mention two of them.

3-  In which paragraph it is mentioned that “the invention is not yet used"?

                 

4- Reorder the following sentences according to their occurrence in the text.

              

a-      Though it reduces CO2, CR5’s burnt liquid fuel may cause pollution.

b- A device that sucks carbon dioxide from the air has been invented.

c- For the time being, just an example is presented.

d- Experts are ambitious about the invention and they think it has many advantages.

 

5-     Give a title to the text.                                                                                                              

A.  Text Exploration:                                                                                             ( / 7pts)

1-     Find in the text the following.                                                                                                     

a.      A verb which means to change something. (1§)

b.      An adjective that describes a form of energy that can be produced as quickly

        as it is used. (1§)

c.      A noun which means a substance such as coal, gas or oil which can be burned

         to produce heat or power. (1 & 2§)

d.     A verb opposite to “increase”. (1§)

 

2-     Which nouns can be derived from the following verbs?                                                      

       convert – discover – emit – produce

3-     Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

                                                                  

Findings from a new study prove that global warming is (cause) … by human activity, and not by natural environmental factors. Some few days ago, researchers at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (find) … clear evidence of human-produced warming in the world's oceans that is likely to impact water resources in regions around the globe.

4-     Rewrite sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a).

                                      

(a)   The CR5 can convert carbon dioxide into a liquid fuel.

(b)   Carbon dioxide ……………………………………………

(a)   Global warming is caused by carbon dioxide emissions.

(b)   Carbon dioxide emissions ………………………………….

 

5-     Classify the following words according to the sounds in the table.                                    

                                 machine – researcher – device – chemical   

/ s /

/ k /

 /∫ /

/ t∫ /

 

 

 

 

 

6-     Reorder the following sentences to make a coherent paragraph.                                          

a-   The dyes help trap the light from the Sun.

b-   A team from MIT have created a new technique that involves coating windows

      with special chemical dyes.         

c-   and send it to special storage cells that then convert the light into electricity.

d-   Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have

      discovered a new way of capturing the Sun’s energy.

 

Part Two: Writing                                                                                      ( / 6pts)

Choose one of the following topics.

Topic I: You are the inventor of CR5 device. You have been invited for a conference in order to make a presentation of your invention. Write the presentation using the notes.

-          Machine /cylindrical / shape.

-          Contain / two chambers /14 rotating rings / coated with iron oxide.

-          One of the chambers / heat / temperature / 1500 °C.

-          Iron oxide / undergo / chemical reaction / and / oxygen molecules / release.

-          Carbon dioxide / pump / into / the cold chamber.

-          Oxygen molecules / separate / from CO2 / by iron oxide.

-          Carbon monoxide / create and mix / with hydrogen.

-          Fuels / methanol & gasoline / produce.

 

Topic II: You are one of the journalists who attended the CR5-presentation conference. You have made an interview with Rich Diver, the inventor of the machine. Write the interview.

 

Miss.N.Azzaz

Technicum Gdyel

2009-2010